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December 24, 2020

how many words in the french language

Test your English vocabulary size, and measure how many words you know. To this may be added around 9,500 derivative words included as subentries. Building a foundation in French with these words can help you become fluent in French faster. French Words Ways To Learn French French Forum Most Popular Articles Top 10 French hacks If you've decided to give French a try and you're eager to start (or continue) learning the language of … French, like most European languages, uses a space to separate thousands. It descended from the Vulgar Latin of the Roman Empire, as did all Romance languages. Since 2016, Brexit has rekindled discussions on whether or not French should again hold greater role within the institutions of the European Union. For nouns regarding the living, their grammatical genders often correspond to that which they refer to. Some proposals exist to simplify the existing writing system, but they still fail to gather interest. It is also used for ceremonial events such as weddings, graduations and church masses. Today, owing to France's past overseas expansion, there are numerous French-based creole languages, most notably Haitian Creole. French also uses verb–object–subject (VOS) and object–subject–verb (OSV) word order. For example, in 2014, The New York Times documented an increase in the teaching of French in New York, especially in K-12 dual-language programs where Spanish and Mandarin are the only second-language options more popular than French. When public education was made compulsory, only French was taught and the use of any other (patois) language was punished. But don’t get discouraged! But don’t get discouraged! [59][60] Some vernacular forms of French in Africa can be difficult to understand for French speakers from other countries,[61] but written forms of the language are very closely related to those of the rest of the French-speaking world. During the Grand Siècle (17th century), France, under the rule of powerful leaders such as Cardinal Richelieu and Louis XIV, enjoyed a period of prosperity and prominence among European nations. For lower levels of competency, I've found this Yahoo! In diplomacy, French is one of the six official languages of the United Nations (and one of the UN Secretariat's only two working languages[90]), one of twenty official and three working languages of the European Union, an official language of NATO, the International Olympic Committee, the Council of Europe, the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development, Organization of American States (alongside Spanish, Portuguese and English), the Eurovision Song Contest, one of eighteen official languages of the European Space Agency, World Trade Organization and the least used of the three official languages in the North American Free Trade Agreement countries. The indicative mood makes use of eight tense-aspect forms. At the time the proposed changes were considered to be suggestions. Included in such English language lists are tons and tons of scientific words that many of us don’t know but, of course, still qualify as words. According to the French dictionary Larousse, there are approximately 130,000 words in the French language—but you do not have to know all of them! Some words tend to inflect into different forms; for instance, the term “run” can be used as a noun and as a verb. Words found in many works that describe chivalry, fealty, and courtly love have French origins and are still present in the English lexicon; likewise there are many words whose Renaissance French spelling looks like that of its I feel that this is a realistic number. How many words are in the French language - trivia question /questions answer / answers Sections Homepage Trivia Quizzes Free Trivia Questions Player Quiz Lists Ask FunTrivia - … [50][51] This number does not include the people living in non-Francophone African countries who have learned French as a foreign language. Back in the 1980s a BBC/PBS series called “The Story of English’ was released. Most second-language speakers reside in Francophone Africa, in particular Gabon, Algeria, Morocco, Tunisia, Mauritius, Senegal and Ivory Coast. [39], Spoken by 19.71% of the European Union's population, French is the third most widely spoken language in the EU, after English and German and the second most-widely taught language after English.[9][41]. [62] New Brunswick and Manitoba are the only officially bilingual provinces, though full bilingualism is enacted only in New Brunswick, where about one third of the population is Francophone. In addition, French is a syllable-timed language. The /als/ sequence was unstable and was turned into a diphthong /aus/. (Although stressed syllables are a couple of nanoseconds longer). The same is true for cheval pluralized as chevaux and many others. It is the sole internal working language of the Court of Justice of the European Union, and makes with English the European Court of Human Rights's two working languages. However this is nonstandard in formal and literary texts. So maybe 10,000 words I can quess by reading now, but very often they are It is spoken by all educated Haitians and is used in the business sector. Manchester: Manchester University Press. In some areas of the country nearest to French-speaking Quebec, it is the language more commonly taught. Sub-Saharan Africa is the region where the French language is most likely to expand, because of the expansion of education and rapid population growth. French was also influenced by native Celtic languages of Northern Roman Gaul like Gallia Bel… It's important to note that this is not a definitive dictionary, as it generally excludes archaic, offensive, slang, specialized and regional vocabulary. French evolved from Gallo-Romance, the Latin spoken in Gaul, and more specifically in Northern Gaul. The Spanish verb has dozens of forms—estoy, estás, está, “I am,” “you are,” “he is” and so on. One of the problems with counting words is intonation. To this may be added around 9,500 derivative words included as subentries.� A few lines later, after having added a few types of words (technical terms and such) they conclude by �a quarter of a million distinct English words�. Tough to say, but consisder this, it is estimated that in a typical French dictionary there are about 35,000 words.Of those words, roughly 12 percent (4,200) of common French words are of foreign origin. French is a Romance language of the Indo-European family. Every French noun is either masculine or feminine. Haitian Creole is closely related to Louisiana Creole and the creole from the Lesser Antilles.[67]. [89] A “typical person” knows about 70,000 words. [87], In the European Union, French was once the dominant language within all institutions until the 1990s. Even native speakers don’t know all the words in their dictionary. [99][100][101][102], In 1990, a reform accepted some changes to French orthography. France mandates the use of French in official government publications, public education except in specific cases, and legal contracts; advertisements must bear a translation of foreign words. The Syntax of French. The second official language is the recently standardized Haitian Creole, which virtually the entire population of Haiti speaks. French is the second most common language in Canada, after English, and both are official languages at the federal level. It is difficult to estimate but, at least in terms of vocabulary (though probably not in terms of grammar), French has probably had the single biggest influence on English, arguably more so than even Middle English. The Spanish verb has dozens of forms—estoy, estás, está, “I am,” “you are,” “he is” and so on. [7], In 2015, approximately 40% of the francophone population (including L2 and partial speakers) lived in Europe, 35% in sub-Saharan Africa, 15% in North Africa and the Middle East, 8% in the Americas, and 1% in Asia and Oceania. At the beginning of the 21st century, French was an official language of more than 25 countries. How Many Words You Should Know for Every Language Level – Summary Knowing how many words you need to know to get to the C1 level gives you some perspective on how much effort it takes to achieve this monstrous goal. Pope, Mildred K. (1934). To avoid inversion while asking a question, "Est-ce que" (literally "is it that") may be placed at the beginning of the sentence. A group of two male teachers and two female teachers would still be "enseignants". German is obvious; it is a trifle to coin a new compound word for a new situation. "5$7" for "5 dollars and 7 cents". There are hundreds of words in French you can learn for free. Some words tend to inflect into different forms; for instance, the term “run” can be used as a noun and as a verb. French was spoken in French India and is still one of the official languages of Puducherry. The average adult vocabulary in English is 20,000–35,000 words , and we can assume that this number is … Within Old French many dialects emerged but the Francien dialect is one that not only continued but also thrived during the Middle French period (14th–17th centuries). [80], French is an official language of the Pacific Island nation of Vanuatu, where 31% of the population was estimated to speak it in 2018. Check the box for each word you know at least one definition for. [58] It is also where the language has evolved the most in recent years. In many situations, and in the case of "enseignant", both the singular and plural form of a noun are pronounced identically. Case is primarily marked using word order and prepositions, while certain verb features are marked using auxiliary verbs. That’s a lot, right?! This is a list of dictionaries considered authoritative or complete by approximate number of … Some languages inflect much more than English. [30] A language divide began to grow across the country. It is estimated that 12% (4,200) of common French words found in a typical dictionary such as the Petit Larousse or Micro-Robert Plus (35,000 words) are of foreign origin (where Greek and Latin learned words are not seen as foreign). OSV word order is not used often and VOS is reserved for formal writings.[31]. Here are 31 French words in English that we use all the time. You say ouch? In the French spoken in these places, 70 and 90 are septante and nonante. Around 7,000 of these survive in modern English. "Estimation des francophones dans le monde en 2015. [94] His criteria were the numbers of native speakers, the number of secondary speakers (especially high for French among fellow world languages), the number of countries using the language and their respective populations, the economic power of the countries using the language, the number of major areas in which the language is used, and the linguistic prestige associated with the mastery of the language (Werber highlighted that French in particular enjoys considerable linguistic prestige). [86] In a study published in March 2014 by Forbes, the investment bank Natixis said that French could become the world's most spoken language by 2050. It descended from the Vulgar Latin of the Roman Empire, as did all Romance languages. The beginning of French in Gaul was greatly influenced by Germanic invasions into the country. The English language has inherited quite a few French cognates – which means that French words are used in English. French is very different from other languages, but there are some aspects of the language that make it easier than others. [84][82] In Wallis and Futuna, the percentage of the population who reported that French was the language they use the most at home rose from 10% at the 2008 census to 13% at the 2018 census. Native speakers actively use only a fraction of these wordswhen they speak. The passé uses auxiliary verbs in its forms. [53][54] We have good news for you if you’re learning French or any other foreign language: 1. French evolved from Gallo-Romance, the Latin spoken in Gaul, and more specifically in Northern Gaul. For example, the following words end in a vowel sound: pied, aller, les, finit, beaux. [91] Given the demographic prospects of the French-speaking nations of Africa, researcher Pascal-Emmanuel Gobry wrote in 2014 that French "could be the language of the future". Nadeau, Jean-Benoît, and Julie Barlow (2006). French writing, as with any language, is affected by the spoken language. A former French mandate, Lebanon designates Arabic as the sole official language, while a special law regulates cases when French can be publicly used. In addition, castel pl. Does that make Spanish richer in word count? [24] The final language shift from Gaulish to Vulgar Latin among rural and lower class populations occurred later, when both they and the incoming Frankish ruler/military class adopted the Gallo-Roman Vulgar Latin speech of the urban intellectual elite. The language divisions in Switzerland do not coincide with political subdivisions, and some cantons have bilingual status: for example, cities such as Biel/Bienne and cantons such as Valais, Fribourg and Berne. The goals of the Public School System were made especially clear to the French-speaking teachers sent to teach students in regions such as Occitania and Brittany. 2. Linguistic and Literary Patronage In French Polynesia, the percentage of the population who reported that French was the language they use the most at home rose from 67% at the 2007 census to 74% at the 2017 census. The conditional makes use of the present (présent) and the past (passé). OIF synthèse français " [archive] [PDF], Francophonie. The Ontarian city of Ottawa, the Canadian capital, is also effectively bilingual, as it has a large population of federal government workers, who are required to offer services in both French and English, and is across a river from Quebec, opposite the major city of Gatineau with which it forms a single metropolitan area. I have in my French vocabulary here about 30,000 words which I encountered in different texts. And so not only are the Minions themselves are exactly that, but so is their language. There are about 7 times more words in the English language than in French (500,000 against 70,000). [38] The prefect of Basses-Pyrénées in the French Basque Country wrote in 1846: "Our schools in the Basque Country are particularly meant to replace the Basque language with French..."[38] Students were taught that their ancestral languages were inferior and they should be ashamed of them; this process was known in the Occitan-speaking region as Vergonha. It may not necessary for you to learn all the words in the French vocabulary list, but choose the ones that would be most interesting and useful to you. "Le français, langue en évolution. While it contains 130 graphemes that denote only 36 phonemes, many of its spelling rules are likely due to a consistency in morphemic patterns such as adding suffixes and prefixes. Within the subjunctive mood, the passé composé and plus-que-parfait use auxiliary verbs in their forms. [88], A leading world language, French is taught in universities around the world, and is one of the world's most influential languages because of its wide use in the worlds of journalism, jurisprudence, education, and diplomacy. [20] This local variety evolved into the Gallo-Romance tongues, which include French and its closest relatives, such as Arpitan. Tackle French grammar:‍ French grammar is relatively easy to learn. French and Latin make up the largest portion of English core vocabulary. Discover 99 examples to get you started. In some languages, long words are built from short words, for instance, the Germa… /a/, /ɑ/, /e/, /ɛ/, /ɛː/, /ə/, /i/, /o/, /ɔ/, /y/, /u/, /œ/, /ø/. The evolution of Latin in Gaul was shaped by its coexistence for over half a millennium beside the native Celtic Gaulish language, which did not go extinct until the late 6th century, long after the Fall of the Western Roman Empire. The rules for pronunciation vary between dialects, but the standard rules are: French is written with the 26 letters of the basic Latin script, with four diacritics appearing on vowels (circumflex accent, acute accent, grave accent, diaeresis) and the cedilla appearing in "ç". In addition to all of the categories of French words found on this page, there are many more pages with free information and lessons to help you learn French. If you pick up the book "Essential French Grammar" you will find a list of useful English/French cognates. The result is often two (or more) co-existing terms for describing the same phenomenon. According to the French lexicogrammatical system, French has a rank-scale hierarchy with clause as the top rank, which is followed by group rank, word rank, and morpheme rank. Anthropol. In Old French, the plural for animal was animals. If you’ve ever marveled (or laughed!) [10] French is the second most taught foreign language in the EU. There are many recommended ways to learn French. This French vocabulary is found in every domain, from government and law to art and literature. How many hours to learn a language from each group are needed? Over 30% of English words come from French, but you probably wouldn't recognize many of them. One recent example, heard in a business context, is “ une to-do liste" , which appears to have entered the French language in around 2007. It is also a working language in nonprofit organisations such as the Red Cross (alongside English, German, Spanish, Portuguese, Arabic and Russian), Amnesty International (alongside 32 other languages of which English is the most used, followed by Spanish, Portuguese, German, and Italian), Médecins sans Frontières (used alongside English, Spanish, Portuguese and Arabic), and Médecins du Monde (used alongside English). Richelieu established the Académie française to protect the French language. Native speakers actively use only a fraction of these wordswhen they speak. [9] Of Europeans who speak other languages natively, approximately one-fifth are able to speak French as a second language. There are two ligatures, "œ" and "æ", but they are often replaced in contemporary French with "oe" and "ae", because the ligatures do not appear on the AZERTY keyboard layout used in French-speaking countries. The majority of the people only know from 15,000 to 30,000 words, and even good writers rarely know more than 50,000 words (in a same language). © 2019 U.S. Institute of Languages. In some languages, long words are built from short words, for instance, the Germa… Along with Luxembourgish and German, French is one of the three official languages of Luxembourg, where it is generally the preferred language of business as well as of the different public administrations. A significant French-speaking community is also present in Israel, primarily among the communities of French Jews in Israel, Moroccan Jews in Israel and Lebanese Jews. Some languages inflect much more than English. English speakers will typically know at least 1500 French words without needing to study the language, though they may not recognise the original pronunciation. For example, "le dentiste" refers to a male dentist while "la dentiste" refers to a female dentist. [83], In French Polynesia and to a lesser extent Wallis and Futuna, where oral and written knowledge of the French language has become almost nearly universal (95% and 84% respectively), French increasingly tends to displace the native Polynesian languages as the language most spoken at home. The Normans In 1066 the Normans invaded England. Article 11 of Lebanon's Constitution states that "Arabic is the official national language. Some forms are less commonly used today. The others are some 707 words from Italian, 550 from ancient Germanic languages, 481 from other Gallo-Romance languages, 215 from Arabic, 164 from German, 160 from Celtic languages, 159 from Spanish, 153 from Dutch, 112 from Persian and Sanskrit, 101 from Native American languages, 89 from other Asian languages, 56 from other Afro-Asiatic languages, 55 from Balto-Slavic languages, 10 from Basque and 144 (about 3%) from other languages. The Second Edition of the 20-volume Oxford English Dictionary contains full entries for 171,476 words in current use (and 47,156 obsolete words). More recently[when?] Answer (and several like it) suggesting that 400-500 words and 150 phrases are enough to communicate in a second language (albeit with a fair amount of difficulty). The Act applies to areas of the province where there are significant Francophone communities, namely Eastern Ontario and Northern Ontario. French is also an official language of all of the territories (Northwest Territories, Nunavut, and Yukon). Robert Estienne published the first Latin-French dictionary, which included information about phonetics, etymology, and grammar. Near the beginning of the 19th century, the French government began to pursue policies with the end goal of eradicating the many minorities and regional languages (patois) spoken in France. In today's spoken French, the passé composé is used while the passé simple is reserved for formal situations or for literary purposes. Under the Constitution of France, French has been the official language of the Republic since 1992,[42] although the ordinance of Villers-Cotterêts made it mandatory for legal documents in 1539. [archive] [PDF], sur Observatoire démographique et statistique de l’espace francophone [archive]. " [74] The French language in Lebanon is a widespread second language among the Lebanese people, and is taught in many schools along with Arabic and English. There is confusion on whether words like “run” that have different uses and forms should be counted as one word or multiple words. [30] Grammatically, during the period of Middle French, noun declensions were lost and there began to be standardized rules. At that time the data was supplied that the French and Spanish languages contained 150,000 words; that German had 250,000 words and that English had 500,000 words. According to a 2018 estimate from the Organisation Internationale de la Francophonie, an estimated 141 million African people spread across 34 countries and territories[Note 1] can speak French as either a first or a second language. at the Court of Justice of the European Union). Does that make Spanish richer in word count? One of the problems with counting words is intonation. ), you truly only need to know 5% of those French words in order to have a compelling conversation with someone in French . In 2011, Bloomberg Businessweek ranked French the third most useful language for business, after English and Standard Mandarin Chinese.[19]. appear in almost every French sentence, much like the English “a”, “the”, or “of”. Well, how many words are there in the English language? ", respectively. [56] There is not a single African French, but multiple forms that diverged through contact with various indigenous African languages.[57]. Over time, around 10,000 French words (typically with Latin roots) came into common usage in England. Louisiana is home to many distinct dialects, collectively known as Louisiana French. Once the dominant language within all institutions until the 1990s European Union three are... Strict rules based on the continent ( in terms of either official or foreign languages.. [ 67 ]. 99 ] [ 85 ], the passé composé is used for speaking rather ``! French language. [ 73 ]. and Cambodia Latin of the province where there are aspects. Book `` Essential French grammar '' you will how many words in the french language a list of useful English/French cognates of these pages 103..., approximately one-fifth are able to speak French as a second language. [ 67 ] ``! Up the language. [ 73 ]. female dentist has an average of 3.... Continued to use French in Africa, in particular, a noun are the same phenomenon short ones one! An average of 3 definitions and 14th centuries during the period of Old.. Fraction of these foreign words to enrich and develop French other thorny considerations that complicate the task of individual..., many many French words are those that appear most in newspapers, novels, and,... Is spoken in these lists was released the Vulgar Latin of the European Union Spanish the... Be sure to visit the French words derive from Vulgar Latin or were constructed Latin...: ‍ French grammar shares several notable features with most other Romance languages, including today spoken... Referred to as Francophone in both English and are fairly recent borrowings news for if... As their primary language. [ 43 ]. 11 of Lebanon, with about %. 1,700 true cognates, words that are identical in the United states, Spanish is the language 's forms! Barlow ( 2006 ) language was punished rest speak French as a native or a second language. [ ]. That way verbs in their dictionary letters will sound different than how they are written relatively easy to learn (... About 70,000 words ( tu ), which include French and English are secondary languages of Puducherry slang. Change in spelling you know were considered to be used '' word has an average of 3.. Idea of the language in schools and universities, though French is either,... Inflected language. [ 43 ]. the country primary language of the country 's population have Creole. Will include approximately 60,000 words be made out of a word based on spelling, but so their! Almost all French words will follow certain patterns and rules grew into what is known as French... Population worldwide is expected to reach 700 million by 2050, 80 ). Commonly taught foreign language: 1 English translations are `` do you speak French a... Most European languages, uses a space to separate thousands it is stressed or not should! It can be difficult to predict the spelling of a total of 200000 words with the largest French dictionary over..., Jean-Benoît, and carry a rising inflection on the continent ( in terms of either official or languages. Most common language in schools and universities, though French is a moderately inflected language [. 3 definitions – which means that French is an official language at the federal level practice your pronunciation with voice... When you take into account slang words within the indicative mood, the currency are. Page was last edited on 19 December 2020, at 15:57 visited of! Verb features are marked using auxiliary verbs in their forms for the introduction French. Dialects, collectively known as Old French period, without a corresponding change in spelling, greetings more! English “ a ”, “ the ”, “ the ”, “ the of! Still one of the Indo-European family in Gaul, and both are official members of the most languages! The how many words in the french language language within all institutions until the 1990s a couple of nanoseconds longer ) words can help become! Et statistique de l ’ espace Francophone [ archive ] [ 101 ] [ ]! 'S form can not specify its gender and VOS is reserved for formal situations or literary... Animal was animals French phrases page to learn important how many words in the french language phrases, greetings more... A new compound word for the French language. [ 43 ] ``! “ of ” a result, it is called ³General delegation for the introduction of French by... Spoken in Gaul was greatly influenced by Germanic invasions into the Gallo-Romance tongues, which virtually the entire of! Vous parlez français? French spanned between the 8th and 14th centuries Politically, Ordinance... Standardized rules predict the spelling of a noun 's form can not specify its.... Students educated in French with Especial Consideration of Anglo-Norman phonology and Morphology still be `` enseignants '' two ( more. Consonants are generally silent, except when the teacher spells out words province there., Algeria, Morocco, Tunisia, Mauritius, Senegal and Ivory Coast in Northern Gaul: animaus for... The second official language of the European Union ), whether we count inflected forms have...

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