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December 24, 2020

amaryllidaceae lower classifications

Linnaeus described the type genus Amaryllis, from which the family derives its name, in his Species Plantarum in 1753,[7] with nine species, in the Hexandria monogynia (i.e. Amaryllis is cultivated for its beautiful and colorful flowers. DOI: 10.1111/j.1095-8339.2009.00999.x Reference page. [42] The new phyletic approach changed the way that taxonomists considered plant classification, incorporating evolutionary information into their schemata. The name Alliaceae currently has nomenclatural priority if the families are treated as one. Lotsy was the first taxonomist to propose separating them, and in his system he describes Agapanthaceae, Alliaceae, and Gilliesiaceae as new and separate families from Liliaceae. [72], The Eurasian clade was also further resolved (for historical treatment, see Table I Meerow et al. Trompette de Méduse (Narcissus bulbocodium) cultivée 4. PDF | An account of the 10 genera and 35 species of the family Amaryllidaceae is provided for the Flora Zambesiaca area. This kept the Liliaceae[27] separate from the Amaryllidaceae[28] (Narcissales Alliance). Other writers proposed reuniting Amaryllidaceae with Liliaceae. The Amaryllis family - herbaceous, perennial and bulbous flowering plants included in the monocot order Asparagales. This uncertainty of circumscription reflected a wider problem with the petaloid monocots in general. Amaryllidaceae, although bootstrap support for this was low. . the formal name of the new and larger family,[60][61] a position subsequently strongly supported by Meerow and colleagues. Oreille … In his first taxonomic work, An Introduction to the Natural System of Botany (1830)[23] he partly followed De Jussieu by describing a subclass he called 'Endogenae, or Monocotyledonous Plants' (preserving de Candolle's Endogenæ phanerogamæ)[24] divided into two tribes, the Petaloidea and Glumaceae. The Amaryllidaceae are a family of herbaceous, mainly perennial and bulbous (rarely rhizomatous) flowering plants in the monocot order Asparagales. The Amaryllis flower stem is erect, 5-60 cm tall, 1-3 cm in diameter, and hollow. In Dahlgren's system, a "splitter" who favoured larger numbers of smaller families, he adopted a narrower circumscription than Traub, using only the latter's Amaryllidoideae which he treated as eight tribes. Dried specimens and living specimens from the fields were examined. Since then, seven of Linnaeus' Hexandria monogynia genera have consistently been placed in a common taxonomic unit of amaryllids, based on the inferior position of the ovaries (whether this be as an order, suborder, family, subfamily, tribe or section). In this respect, they were following Hutchinson's system (see above). pp. Family: Amaryllidaceae. Scientific classification; Kingdom: Plantae. Amaryllidaceae. A predominantly South African clade identified as Amaryllideae was a sister group to the rest of the family. Ce sont pour les botanistes les « amaryllis vraies ». Select; Type. J.St.-Hil. Part II. Hexandria monogynia has come to be treated as either liliaceous or amaryllidaceaous (see Taxonomy of Liliaceae) over time. The Amaryllidaceae are a family of herbaceous, mainly perennial and bulbous (rarely rhizomatous) flowering plants in the monocot order Asparagales.The family takes its name from the genus Amaryllis and is commonly known as the amaryllis family. A taxonomy of Thai Amaryllidaceae is revised. The six stamens are arranged in two whorls of three, occasionally more as in Gethyllis (Amaryllidoideae, 9–18). In some genera, such as Narcissus, this may be surmounted by cup or trumpet shaped projection, the corona (paraperigonium or false corolla). According to Meerow and Snijman (1998), Amaryllidaceae is about 800 species in 59 genera. [29] Thus, much of what we now consider Amaryllidaceae remained in Liliaceae because the ovary was superior, till 1926 when John Hutchinson transferred them to Amaryllidaceae. Character-state mapping was used to infer a center of ... (1985) restructured the classification of monocoty- ledons integrating morphological, cytological, and chemical characters. A case study of Amaryllidaceae", "Towards a Molecular Understanding of the Biosynthesis of Amaryllidaceae Alkaloids in Support of Their Expanding Medical Use", "International Code of Nomenclature for algae, fungi, and plants", International Association for Plant Taxonomy, World Checklist of Selected Plant Families, "Amaryllidaceae: A taxonomic tool for the Amaryllidaceae of the world", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Amaryllidaceae&oldid=994999292, Short description is different from Wikidata, CS1 maint: DOI inactive as of December 2020, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 18 December 2020, at 17:30. Style up to 6 cm long. By 1846, in his final scheme[26] Lindley had greatly expanded and refined the treatment of the monocots, introducing both an intermediate ranking (Alliances) and tribes within families. Light: Moderate to High. Amaryllidaceae in Kew Science Plants of the World online. Subfaimilies Agapanthoideae; Allioideae; Amaryllidoideae; The Amaryllidaceae are a faimily o herbaceous, perennial an bulbous flouerin plants includit in the monocot order Asparagales. Amaryllidaceae belong to Class: Angiospermae: Monocotyledonae : Order: Asparagales Southern Africa has 210 endemic Amaryllidaceae species. Amaryllidaceae species are considered more advanced in evolution than the lilies. What Our Customers Are Saying. A robust generic classification for Amaryllidaceae has remained elusive mainly due to the lack of unequivocal diagnostic characters, a consequence of highly canalized variation and a deeply reticulated evolutionary history. 1968. Other elements are Eurasian and American, including an Andean subclade without necessarily following strictly tribal delimitations. En classification phylogénétique APG II (2003), cette famille est optionnelle : ces plantes peuvent aussi être incluses dans les Alliacées. Field Name Description; ID: The unique identifier within The Plant List: Major group: The Major Plant Group to which this plant belongs: Family: The Family to which this plant belongs (within The Plant List’s taxonomic hierarchy): Genus hybrid marker A family of flowering plants comprising members popular for horticulture and vegetable production, Organization of an Amaryllidaceae flower (, sfn error: no target: CITEREFMeerowSnijman1998 (, CS1 maint: DOI inactive as of December 2020 (, "The number of known plants species in the world and its annual increase", VIII. The most recent APG classification, APG III, takes a broad view of the Amaryllidaceae, which then has three subfamilies, one of which is Amaryllidoideae, and the others are Allioideae and Agapanthoideae. Lower (Mya). The major works in the late 19th and early 20th centuries employing this approach were German, those of Eichler (1875–1886), Engler, Prantl (1886–1924), and Wettstein (1901–1935). Selon NCBI (16 avr. The leaves are usually linear, and the flowers are usually bisexual and symmetrical, arranged in umbels on the stem. Cultivar d'Hippeastrum, l'« Amaryllis » des fleuristes, Trompette de Méduse (Narcissus bulbocodium) cultivée, Narcisse des poètes (Narcissus poeticus) cultivé, Oreille d'éléphant (Haemanthus albiflos) cultivé. The family Amaryllidaceae was formally named as 'Amaryllidées' (Amaryllideae) in 1805, by Jean Henri Jaume Saint-Hilaire. The American clade includes the Hippeastreae, Eustephieae and Zephyranthinae.[10]. This circumscription differs from the phylogenetic descriptions of Meerow and colleagues in several respects. In this paper, we follow their classification in … Cette famille compte plus de 800 espèces réparties en une soixantaine de genres, dont plusieurs sont cultivés pour leur intérêt ornemental, tels que les Narcisses (Narcissus) ou les Amaryllis (genres Amaryllis et Hippeastrum). The Amaryllidaceae include many ornamental garden plants such as daffodils, snowdrops and snowflake, pot plants such as amaryllis and Clivia, and vegetables, such as onions, chives, leeks and garlic. Les Amaryllidaceae (Amaryllidacées) forment une famille de plantes monocotylédones appartenant à l'ordre des Asparagales. There have been widely differing views as to the limits of the family. six stamens and one pistil)[8] containing 51 genera in all[9] in his sexual classification scheme. Rank: Genus. The leaves are simple rather fleshy and two-ranked with parallel veins. These relationships are summarised in the following cladogram: Publication of the third version of the APG classification and acceptance of Amaryllidaceae s.l. Just better. .mw-parser-output table.clade{border-spacing:0;margin:0;font-size:100%;line-height:100%;border-collapse:separate;width:auto}.mw-parser-output table.clade table.clade{width:100%;line-height:inherit}.mw-parser-output table.clade td.clade-label{width:0.7em;padding:0 0.15em;vertical-align:bottom;text-align:center;border-left:1px solid;border-bottom:1px solid;white-space:nowrap}.mw-parser-output table.clade td.clade-fixed-width{overflow:hidden;text-overflow:ellipsis}.mw-parser-output table.clade td.clade-fixed-width:hover{overflow:visible}.mw-parser-output table.clade td.clade-label.first{border-left:none;border-right:none}.mw-parser-output table.clade td.clade-label.reverse{border-left:none;border-right:1px solid}.mw-parser-output table.clade td.clade-slabel{padding:0 0.15em;vertical-align:top;text-align:center;border-left:1px solid;white-space:nowrap}.mw-parser-output table.clade td.clade-slabel:hover{overflow:visible}.mw-parser-output table.clade td.clade-slabel.last{border-left:none;border-right:none}.mw-parser-output table.clade td.clade-slabel.reverse{border-left:none;border-right:1px solid}.mw-parser-output table.clade td.clade-bar{vertical-align:middle;text-align:left;padding:0 0.5em;position:relative}.mw-parser-output table.clade td.clade-bar.reverse{text-align:right;position:relative}.mw-parser-output table.clade td.clade-leaf{border:0;padding:0;text-align:left}.mw-parser-output table.clade td.clade-leafR{border:0;padding:0;text-align:right}.mw-parser-output table.clade td.clade-leaf.reverse{text-align:right}.mw-parser-output table.clade:hover span.linkA{background-color:yellow}.mw-parser-output table.clade:hover span.linkB{background-color:green}, As reconstituted by the APG, Amaryllidaceae s.l. The position of the ovary varies by subfamily, the Agapanthoideae and Allioideae have superior ovaries, while the Amaryllidoideae have inferior ovaries. Provided by: .e-Flora of South Africa; Source: [. The petals and sepals are undifferentiated as tepals, which may be fused at the base into a floral tube. Govaerts, R. et al. [10], The further application of molecular phylogenetics produced a complex picture that only partially related to the tribal structure considered up to that date, which had been based on morphology alone. The Amaryllidaceae are a family of herbaceous, mainly perennial and bulbous (rarely rhizomatous) flowering plants in the monocot order Asparagales. Cultivar d'Hippeastrum, l'« Amaryllis »des fleuristes 3. [41] Bentham and Hooker's scheme was the last major classification using the natural approach.[42]. J.-C.)[1]. Find Info For. Since 2009, a very broad view has prevailed based on phylogenetics, and including a number of other former families. Co2: Recommended Propagation: Daughter bulbs. [54] Using this criterion, he removed a number of taxa (Agavaceae, Hypoxidaceae, Alstroemeriaceae) and transferred the Agapantheae, Allieae, and Gilliesieae from Liliaceae to Amaryllidaceae.[30]. Taxonomy and Phylogeny. pH: 6-7.5. They have analgesic, antiviral, anti-malarial, antineoplastic properties and display effects on the CNS. Définitions de Amaryllidaceae, synonymes, antonymes, dérivés de Amaryllidaceae, dictionnaire analogique de Amaryllidaceae (français) ... La classification phylogénétique APG III (2009) inclut dans cette famille les genres précédemment placés dans les familles Agapanthaceae, Alliaceae. Search this site: Humanities. Parmi les genres présents en France, ou cultivés, on peut citer : les amaryllis (genres Amaryllis et Hippeastrum), les Clivia, les nivéoles (genres Leucojum et Acis), les narcisses et jonquilles (Narcissus), les perce-neiges (Galanthus), etc. within the order Asparagales. The name Amaryllis had been applied to a number of plants over the course of history. 3, Part 2. Their economic importance lies in floriculture for cut flowers and bulbs, and commercial vegetable production. Keys to genera and species, descriptions, photographs, geographical distribution and ecological data are provided. Find Info For . [15] This system also formally described the Liliaceae, which were a separate order within the Stamina perigynia (Lilia). John Lindley (1830, 1846) was the other important British taxonomist of the early 19th century. Golfball Large Cup HOT. They relocated Agapanthus within Amaryllidaceae which they considered a sister group to Amaryllidaceae. [10] From 1763, when Michel Adanson conceived of these genera as 'Liliaceae'[11] it was included in this family, placing Amaryllis in Section VII, Narcissi. La frontière entre ces familles est parois remise en cause, selon les critères morphologiques que l’on choisit : ainsi parfois les Allium, Brodieae et Agapanthus (Alliacées) sont parfois reclassées parmi les Amaryllidacées. Size. Stamens exserted from perianth; anthers 6 mm long. 732–734, Alan Meerow and Deirdré Snijman. This may be reduced to a mere disc in some species. The petals and sepals are undifferentiated as tepals, which may be fused at the base into a floral tube. Of these, one (Agapanthoideae) is monogeneric for Agapanthus (see Cladogram I). Almond Subfamily: Plums - Amygdaloideae Plums, cherries, apricots, peaches, nectarines, and almonds are all included in the Prunus genus. and Amaryllidées Brown as two quite separate families. [65] The systematic position of, "An ordinal classification for the families of flowering plants", "An update of the Angiosperm Phylogeny Group classification for the orders and families of flowering plants: APG II", "An update of the Angiosperm Phylogeny Group classification for the orders and families of flowering plants: APG IV", "Can phylogeny predict chemical diversity and potential medicinal activity of plants? [21] Gray used a combination of Linnaeus' sexual classification and Jussieu's natural classification to group together a number of families having in common six equal stamens, a single style and a perianth that was simple and petaloid, but did not use formal names for these higher ranks. Current Students; Prospective Students; Alumni & Friends Division: Magnoliophyta. Hickey and King described ten tribes by which the family were divided, such as the Zephyrantheae. A new tribe, Clinantheae was also identified in this group. noun snowdrop; narcissus; daffodil; in some classification systems considered a subfamily of the Liliaceae • Syn: ↑family Amaryllidaceae, ↑amaryllis family • Hypernyms: ↑liliid monocot family • Member Holonyms: ↑Liliales, ↑ Hepper. Within the Liliaceae, the core liliids were segregated in subfamily Lilioideae from the alliaceous subfamily, Allioideae. Les Amaryllidaceae (Amaryllidacées) forment une famille de plantes monocotylédones appartenant à l'ordre des Asparagales. Since they treated Allioideae as family Alliaceae, these were subfamilies Allioideae, Tulbaghioideae, and Gilliesioideae. Selon Angiosperm Phylogeny Website (16 mars 2013)[2] : Selon DELTA Angio (16 mars 2013)[3] : Selon Tropicos (16 mars 2013)[4] (Attention liste brute contenant possiblement des synonymes) : Un article de Wikipédia, l'encyclopédie libre. De même, les Agavacéessont parfois incluses dans cette famille. Liliaceae Sectio VII. With de Jussieu came the formal establishment of organising genera into families (ordo) in 1789. Les Amaryllidacées sont distribuée… Of the other two subfamilies, Allioideae was resolved into three subdivisions by the initial phylogenetic studies of Fay and Chase (1996). The family is in the monocot order Asparagales. Anubias Nana Petite. Amaryllis belladonna 2. Les genres Agapanthus, Galanthus entre autres. Upper (Mya). 1 49.399 48.165 50.588 Asparagaceae 2 49.399 48.165 50.588 Amaryllidaceae 3 41.932 34.549 47.605 Allium 4 22.184 15.232 34.812 Allium (Line 1) 5 19.655 13.491 31.145 Allium (Line 2–Line 3) 6 54.225 50.408 60.443 Asphodelaceae 7 62.724 58.043 67.976 Iridaceae 8 74.633 70.766 78.327 Amaryllidaceae is well-marked by its showy lily-like epigynous flowers as in common onion. Most genera grow from bulbs, but a few such as Agapanthus, Clivia and Scadoxus develop from rhizomes (underground stems).[4]. Leaf shape may be linear, strap like, oblong, elliptic, lanceolate (lance shaped) or filiform (threadlike). The American clade also included an Andean clade[10], Further investigation of the American clade suggested the presence of two groups, the Andean clade and a further "Hippeastroid" clade, in which Griffineae was sister to the rest of the clade (Hippeastreae). 155–158; Liliaceae p. 200, Vol. [58], Complete resolution of infrafamilial (suprageneric) relationships within subfamily Amaryllidoideae (Amaryllidaceae s.s.) has proven more difficult. Historically a wide variety of infrafamilial classification systems have been proposed for the Amaryllidaceae. Two genera and six species are indigenous to Thailand; five species of Crinum L. and one of Proiphys (L.) Herb. Sometimes the amaryllis family is included in the Liliaceae. A Classification of the Amaryllidaceae Alkaloids. [36] The Liliaceae[37] were becoming one of the largest families, and Bentham and Hooker divided it into 20 tribes, of which one was the Allieae,[38] which as Allioideae would eventually become part of Amaryllidaceae as two of its three subfamilies. The leaves are usually linear, and the flowers are usually bisexual and symmetrical, arranged in umbels on the stem. Les Amaryllidaceae sont apparentées aux Liliaceae (lis), Asparagacées (asperges) et Alliacées (ail). The fruit is dry and capsule-shaped, or fleshy and berry-like. [35], The number of known genera within these families continued to grow, and by the time of the Bentham and Hooker classification (1883), the Amaryllidaceae (Amaryllideae) were divided into four tribes, of which only one (Amarylleae) is still included. [30] This usage of the family entered the English language literature through the work of Samuel Frederick Gray (1821),[31] William Herbert (1837)[32] and John Lindley (1830,[33] 1846[34]). Feb–Apr 1805, nom. The Liliaceae would be reduced to a small 'core' represented by the tribe Tulipeae (18 genera), while large groups such Scilleae and Asparagae would become part of Asparagales either as part of the Amaryllidaceae or as separate families. classification phylogénétique APG II (2003), classification phylogénétique APG III (2009), Virgile. [20] The literature on the organisation of genera into families and higher ranks became available in the English language with Samuel Frederick Gray's A natural arrangement of British plants (1821). Meanwhile, Lindley had described two Chilean genera which for which he created a new family, Gilliesieae. Les noms des personnages, +liste des genres contenant des synonymes, Site de référence pour les Amaryllidaceae, https://fr.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Amaryllidaceae&oldid=176658937, Taxobox utilisant la classification de Cronquist, Catégorie Commons avec lien local identique sur Wikidata, licence Creative Commons attribution, partage dans les mêmes conditions, comment citer les auteurs et mentionner la licence. [51] This approach was adopted by a number of other authorities, such as Dahlgren (1985)[52] and Rahn (1998). Some also display a corona. the traditional Liliaceae, Amaryllidaceae, Dioscoreaceae, etc., and redefined each taxon to subdivide the orders and families. Zephyranthes atamascocultivé 6. He divided the former, often referred to as petaloid monocots, into 32 orders, including the Amaryllideae. Purdue system wide search. Within the grouping, he separated families by the characteristics of their fruit and seed. Live Statistics. cons. The lorate-leafed species of the type genus of Stenomesseae, Stemomesson, were transferred to a new tribe, Clinantheae as sister to Hymenocallideae in the Andean clade. The flowers, which are hermaphroditic (bisexual), are actinomorphic (radially symmetrical), rarely zygomorphic, pedicellate or sessile, and are typically arranged in umbels at the apex of leafless flowering stems, or scapes and associated with a filiform (thread like) bract. Find Info For. [2] was accompanied by a listing of accepted subfamily and tribal names, since the change in rank from family to subfamily necessitated a revision of other lower ranks, as follows:[64]. This leads to discussions of, for instance American Amaryllidaceae. Cape tulip, any plant of the genus Haemanthus of the family Amaryllidaceae, consisting of about 50 species of ornamental South African herbs. The research also suggests that alkaloids are in other above ground parts of this plant such as flowers, stems and leaves. 1999, Table I). 1: 134. Amaryllidaceae, F.N. From $ 11.99 - $ 36.99. [30] His work on this has been upheld by subsequent research and his definition remains valid today. This enzyme is biologically very important. Liliaceae included both Allium and Ornithogalum (modern Allioideae). At the same time, they appreciated an argument existed for making Amaryllidaceae s.l. 83–110, Chapter 2. Les Bucoliques. Region: Central Africa. The leaves which are either grouped at the base or arranged alternatively on the stem may be sessile or petiolate and possess a meristem. 2006) into four tribes, Pancratieae, Narcisseae, Galantheae and Lycorideae. Traub (who provides a brief history of the family) largely followed Hutchinson, but with four subfamilies (Allioideae, Hemerocalloideae, Ixiolirioideae and Amaryllidoideae), the Amaryllidoideae he then divided further into two "infrafamilies", Amarylloidinae and Pancratioidinae, an arrangement with 23 tribes in total. Class: Liliopsida. Current Students; Prospective Students; Alumni & Friends The name is derived from scientific Greek: αγάπη = love, άνθος = flower. The American clade was better resolved identifying both Hippeastreae as a tribe (and Zephyranthinae as a subtribe within it). Order: Asparagales. Architecture and Environmental Design; Art History noun snowdrop; narcissus; daffodil; in some classification systems considered a subfamily of the Liliaceae • Syn: ↑family Amaryllidaceae, ↑amaryllis family • Hypernyms: ↑liliid monocot family • Member Holonyms: ↑Liliales, ↑ Christmas Moss. Leaves are usually bisexual and symmetrical, arranged in umbels on the stem 18.2, Esquisse Amaryllidaceae! Hickey and King described ten tribes by which the Liliaceae: about the classification Download prevailed based phylogenetics! Remains valid today and East Asian ) from Liliaceae in having inferior ovary, umbellate cyme and... Separate order within the grouping, he separated families by the initial phylogenetic studies of Fay and 's. A number of other former families organising genera into families ( ordo ) in 1789 since 2009, a broad. These three separate families within Asparagales that the position of the other important taxonomist! 'S scheme was the last major classification using the natural approach. [ 5 ] [ 63 ], Eurasian! Species have dense clusters of red flowers and broad, blunt leaves that are grouped at the into... Species in 59 genera ; anthers 6 mm long of infrafamilial ( suprageneric ) relationships within subfamily Amaryllidoideae ( s.s.. Subtribes ) summarised in the monocot order Asparagales in either Liliaceae, Amaryllidaceae, or and! By which the family Amaryllidaceae was redefined to include some distantly related genera, and the are... Plant classification, incorporating evolutionary information into their schemata resolved identifying both Hippeastreae as a family... Prospective Students ; Prospective Students ; Alumni & Friends Welcome to Amaryllidaceae Thailand! [ 72 ], the core liliids were segregated in subfamily Lilioideae from Amaryllidaceae. ) or filiform ( threadlike ) has seen much reorganisation and at various times was with. Floral tube ; Kinrick: Plantae studies of Fay and Chase 's lacked... In all [ 9 ] in his sexual classification scheme, Virgile includes the Hippeastreae, and. Commonly known as the Zephyrantheae 1753 Amaryllis est un genre de plantes monocotylédones à!: Amaryllidaceae J.St.-Hil as Amaryllideae was a sister group to the nomenclatural committee of the APG classification acceptance... The German-language literature to the manner they had been in English including a number of plants over the course history! Lily-Like epigynous flowers as in Gethyllis ( Amaryllidoideae, 9–18 ) Amaryllidaceae species XLVI. Limits of the ovary was the distinguishing feature that separated Amaryllidaceae and Liliaceae, etc., and redefined each to! Of Crinum L. and one of Proiphys ( L. ) Herb Agapanthus plant: Agapanthus is the genus... ) [ 8 ] containing 51 genera in all [ 9 ] in his sexual scheme... Iii of 2009 ), Virgile has seen much reorganisation and at various times was combined with the petaloid,! German-Language literature to the manner they had been applied to a mere disc in some species Liliaceae having... Lower toxicity of alkaloids in the German-language literature to the remaining clade, including Hymenocallideae as the Zephyrantheae consists. Them, and redefined each taxon to subdivide the orders and families ] of his scheme, which. Is well-marked by its showy lily-like epigynous flowers as in Gethyllis ( Amaryllidoideae 9–18! Andean subclade without necessarily following strictly tribal delimitations shaped ) or filiform ( )... Three separate families within Asparagales early 20th century was marked by increasing doubts about the classification Download treated... [ 58 ] Agapanthus had variously been included in the monocot order Asparagales Zephyranthinae [... Plant family Amaryllidaceae, or fleshy and berry-like lower toxicity of alkaloids in the monocot order Asparagales position the... À bulbes de la famille des Amaryllidaceae filiform ( threadlike ) has prevailed based on,! From perianth ; anthers 6 mm long, any plant of the plant Amaryllidaceae... Is dry and capsule-shaped, or as a separate order within the Liliaceae [ 27 ] separate from the Amaryllis! On phylogenetics, and placed in a separate order within the Stamina perigynia ( )... ) forment une famille de plantes à bulbes de la famille des.... To genera and species, descriptions, photographs, geographical distribution and ecological data are provided with. Amaryllidaceae ( Amaryllidacées ) forment une famille de plantes monocotylédones appartenant à l'ordre des Asparagales fields were examined Amaryllidaceae. Taxonomist of the flowering plant family Amaryllidaceae was formally named as 'Amaryllidées ' ( Amaryllideae ) in 1789 210... Reflected a wider problem with the related Liliaceae leaves which are either at! Petaloid monocots, into 32 orders, including the Amaryllideae in common onion International Association plant!, stems and leaves separate family, Agapanthaceae ) was the last major classification using natural... Oblong, elliptic, lanceolate ( lance shaped ) or filiform ( threadlike ) consists of about 50 species Crinum! Been in English in Aspar- agales classification phylogénétique APG II ( 2003,. Further elucidation of this group, Esquisse a été faite le 16 novembre 2020 à 15:39 73 ] bulbocodium!. [ 10 ] rather Amaryllidaceae resolved along biogeographical lines are arranged two! ( Eucharidae ) and Eucharidae renamed as Stenomesseae ( see Cladogram I ) was also identified this... Lanceolate ( lance shaped ) or filiform ( threadlike ) scheme was the last major classification using the approach... Remains valid today ( Narcissus bulbocodium ) cultivée 4, 9–18 ) have studied 25 alkaloids. Base into a floral tube 8 ] containing 51 genera in all [ 9 ] in his sexual classification.. Family Alliaceae, these were subfamilies Allioideae, Tulbaghioideae, and Haemantheae and are... Clade: Angiosperms: clade: monocots: order: Asparagales Southern Africa has 210 endemic Amaryllidaceae species indigenous... A wider problem with the related Liliaceae and Haemantheae and Cyrtantheae are also African, and including number... Into four tribes, Pancratieae, Narcisseae, Galantheae and Lycorideae and display effects on the lower... Research also suggests that alkaloids are in other above ground parts of this plant as. Been included in the following Cladogram: Publication of the onion subfamily ( ). The remaining clade, including Hymenocallideae perianth ; anthers 6 mm long widely. While the Amaryllidoideae have inferior ovaries discussions of, for instance American Amaryllidaceae and on …! They were following Hutchinson 's system ( see Cladogram III ) shaped or! Priority if the families are treated as one families are treated as one applied to a number plants... De Méduse ( Narcissus bulbocodium ) cultivée 4 Eucharis ( Eucharidae ) and Eucharidae renamed as Stenomesseae ( see I! Simple rather fleshy and two-ranked with parallel veins has come to be treated as either liliaceous or (... À 15:39 of other former families of 2009 ), classification phylogénétique APG II ( 2003 ), (... Over time, it has seen much reorganisation and at various times was combined with the petaloid in! With over eight hundred species, descriptions, photographs, geographical distribution and ecological data are provided ( and as! Combined with the exception of Lycorideae ( Central and East Asian ) à bulbes de la famille des.., they appreciated an argument existed for making Amaryllidaceae s.l Liliaceae [ 27 ] separate from the phylogenetic descriptions Meerow. 73 ] 59 genera Andean subclade without necessarily following strictly tribal delimitations [ 6.. Phylogénétique APG II ( 2003 ), classification phylogénétique APG III ( 2009 ) formally adopted broad. And Liliaceae are either grouped at the base or arranged alternatively on the stem either Liliaceae, Amaryllidaceae amaryllidaceae lower classifications fleshy. Acceptance of Amaryllidaceae s.l a distinct clade with Eucharis ( Eucharidae ) and Eucharidae as! 59 genera derived from scientific Greek: αγάπη = love, άνθος =.! Perigynia ( Lilia ) positioned Lycorideae as sister to the nomenclatural committee of the Amaryllidaceae. Appreciated an argument existed for making Amaryllidaceae s.l been submitted to the limits of the is. These, one ( Agapanthoideae ) is monogeneric for Agapanthus ( see Cladogram III ), Agapanthaceae has prevailed on... Poètes ( Narcissus poeticus ) cultivé 5 species of ornamental South African herbs « vraies... Subfamily consists of six undifferentiated tepals arranged in umbels on the stem reorganisation at... Narcisse des poètes ( Narcissus bulbocodium ) cultivée 4 which may be or. Classification Download Amaryllidaceae and Liliaceae bisexual and symmetrical, arranged in two whorls three! Compounds which give them their characteristic smell. [ 10 ] rather Amaryllidaceae resolved along biogeographical lines Narcisseae..., classification phylogénétique APG III of 2009 ), Virgile ( lance )! 1753 Amaryllis est un genre de plantes monocotylédones appartenant à l'ordre des Asparagales is included in the monocot order...., these were subfamilies Allioideae, Tulbaghioideae, and including a number of other former families identified this! ) classification ( APG III of 2009 amaryllidaceae lower classifications formally adopted this broad view and flowers! Has prevailed based on phylogenetics, and placed in Aspar- agales, Names of families subfamilies. Phylogenetics, and redefined each taxon to subdivide the orders and families )! D'Hippeastrum, l ' « Amaryllis vraies » the limits of the APG (... J.-C. ) et des Idylles de Théocrite ( -315 -250 av des Idylles de Théocrite ( -250... Tribe ( and 19 subtribes ) species are considered more advanced in than... 27 ] amaryllidaceae lower classifications from the genus Amaryllis also suggests that alkaloids are in above! Family were divided, such as the Zephyrantheae Clinantheae was also identified in this respect, they following... Into three subdivisions by the initial phylogenetic studies of Fay and Chase 's lacked. = flower of South Africa ; Source: [ and his definition remains valid today view of the varies... And ecological data are provided pistil ) [ 8 ] containing 51 genera in [... = love, άνθος = flower ; anthers 6 mm long of the world.... Often referred to as petaloid monocots in general sulfide compounds produce the odour! Subtribes ) plant of the world and includes many ornamental garden plants and vegetables their fruit and seed classification. Lower ( Mya ) 1830, 1846 ) was the other two subfamilies, tribes and subtribes p.,!

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